Calabash pyrography is a traditional folk art in Beijing area. The pyrographic pens are made by iron bars of different shapes inserted into the cores of big joss sticks. When a joss stick is being burned, the iron bar inserted in its core is heated and consequently the pyrographic pens can be used to burn the surface of the calabashes. Calabash pyrography derived from the pyrography in the Han Dynasty. In the early19th century, calabash pyrography was extensively recognized in society and became a mainstream decorative way relating to calabashes. There existed a number of schools and representative masters. Calabash pyrographs made by Juyaxuan workshop first appeared in the late years of the Qing Dynasty. Today, artists of this workshop are of its 4th generation. Since its early days, calabash pyrographs created by Juyaxuan workshop mainly hadthe styles offreehand brushworks and sought the artistic effect of traditional Chinese paintings. After over one hundred years, Juyaxuan still keeps innovating and has formed its unique style based on traditional Chinese paintings.